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Mundakopanishad : ( Attainment of heaven by performing 'Agnihotram' rirual properly ). Mantram-5 & 6.





Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1.


Section-2. ( Rituals )


Mantram-5 & 6.  ( Attainment  of  heaven  by  performing  'Agnihotram'  rirual  properly )


Mantram-6.



Ehy-ehiti  tam-ahutayah  suvarcasah


suryasya  rasmibhir-yajamanam   vahanti,


priyam  vacam-abhivadantyo-rcayantya


esa  vah  punyah  sukrto  brahma-lokah.



ehi  =  come  hither;

ehi  =  come  hither;

iti  =  that;

tam  =  to  him;

ahutayah  =  oblations  ( homa dravyam-s );

suvarcasah  =  brilliant;

suryasya  =  of  the  sun;

rasmibhih  =  through  the  rays;

yajamanam  =  the  sacrificer  ( the  performer  of  homa yajnam );

vahanti  =  carry;

priyam  =  pleasant;

vacam  =  words;

abhivadantyah  =  addressing;

arcayantyah  =  praise;

esah  =  this;

vah  =  thy;

punyah  =  virtue  ( holy );

sukrtah  =  gained  by  good  karma-s  ( activities );

brahma  lokah  =  the  world  of  Brahma.




"Come  hither,  come  hither"  say  these  brilliant  oblations  unto  him  and  carry  the  sacrificer  through  the  rays  of  the  sun,  addressing  to  him  the  pleasant  words  of  praise,  "This  is  the  holy  world  of  'Brahma' gained  by  the  good  works."



Discussion-


We  follow  here  the  same  analogy  as  in  the  last  mantram,  and  oblations  through  the  'vasana-s' created  by  them,  "the  rays  of  the  sun" literally  usher  the  worshipper  to  the  world  of  his  enjoyments.


In  the  market,  you  reached  the  sari-shop  or  I  entered  the  coffee  house,  invited  by  our  individual  'vasana-s.'


Similarly,  the  'vasana-s' created  in  the  mind  of  the  performer  of  the  homa-yajnam,  as  it  were,  guide  him  after  his  death  to  fix  his  identity  with  such  a  form  under  such  a  team  of  circumstances,  wherein  his  total  experience  would  be  the  exact  enjoyment  of  fruits  of  the  oblations.    

END.

Next : Mantram-7. [Criticism  of  rituals --  devoid  of  knowledge  ( Upasana ) ].


To be continued   ....





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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…