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Mundakopanishad : ( Harmful results of rituals performed wrongly ).Mantram-3.





Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1.


Section-2. ( Rituals )


Mantram-3. ( Harmful  results  of  rituals  performed  wrongly )


Discussion-1. " do's  and  dont's " ....


In  this  mantram,  the  teacher  by  exhaustive  enumeration  of  all  the  minute  "do's " and  "don'ts"  is  aiming  at  the  creation  of b a  desired  effect  upon  the  disciple.

No  man  of  discrimination  with  an  awakened  intellect  would  need  a  greater  argument  to  persuade  him  to  give  up  the  "blind-ritualistic-path."

The  'Katma-s' are  limited  on  all  sides.

If  'Agnihotra' is  not  followed  by  a  strict  adherence  to  all  the  above-mentioned  subsidiary  acts  of  charity  and  kindness,  seasonal  rituals  and  self  discipline,  in  itself  can,  not  only  give  its  promised  blessing,  but  "it  shall" says  the  learned  Master  of  the  Upanishad,  " destroy  the  seven  worlds***  of  the  performer."

***  There  is  another  interpretation  that  if  performance  of  ritualistic  Karmam,  is  not  done  properly,  the  performer  cannot  attained  any  of  the  higher  Seven  worlds  viz.,  "1. Bhuh,
2.  Bhuvah,  3.  Svah,  4.  Mahah,  5.  Janah,  6.  Tapah,  and  7.  Satyam."  meaning  thereby  he  then  falls  to  lower  worlds  of  animals,  birds, insects,  worms,   plants,  etc.,........

Next :  Discussion-2. "Seven  worlds"........

To be continued  ...


            

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

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ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…