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Mundakopanishad : [Criticism of rituals -- devoid of knowledge ( Upasana ) ]. Mantram-7.






Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1.


Section-2. ( Rituals )



Mantram-7. [Criticism  of  rituals --  devoid  of  knowledge  ( Upasana ) ].



Plava  hyete  adrdha  yajna-rupa


astadasoktam - avaram  yesu  karma


atac - chreyo  ye  bhinandanti  mudha


jara - mrtyum  te  punare - vapi  yanti.



plavah  =  boats;

hi  =  verily;

ete  =  these;

adrdha  =  undependable,  frail;

yajna-rupa  =  form  ( or boat )  of  yajnam;

astadasa  uktam  =  is  sais  to  be  manned  by  eighteen  ( supporters )  in  number;

avaram  =  the  inferior,  lower;

yah  =  he;

esu  =  on  whom;

karma  =  ceremonial;

etat  =  this;

sreyah  =  ( as )  the  highest;

ye  =  these;

abhinandanti  =  acclaim;

mudhah  =  the  ignorant  persons;

jara  =  old  age;

mrtyum  =  death;

te  =  they;

punah  =  again  and  again;

eva  =  alone;

api  =  even;

yanti  =  go ( are  subject  to ).



"Undependable  ( frail )  is  that  boat  of  Yajnam,  is  said  to  be  manned  by  eighteen  supporters  on  whom  depend  the  lower  ceremonials.  Those  ignorant  persons  who  accaim  this  as  the  highest,  are  subject,  again  and  again,  to  old  age  and  death."


Next : Discussion-1. " We  Hindus,  the  Bharatheeya  confuse  and  ignorant  about  rituals ...."


To be continued  ....

 



 


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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

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sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
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Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

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catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-7.

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